Plants for Freshwater Wetlands & Wet Sites

The following plants may be used to create or enhance freshwater marshes or swamps or to stabilize and enhance streambanks, riverbanks or pond edges.

Remember to match the plants’ growth requirements with the site conditions. Wetness tolerated by these plants is provided in this guide in terms of frequency and duration of soil saturation or inundation (flooding), and depth of standing water.

 
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Athyrium filix-femina             Southern Lady Fern Dryopteris marginalis                        Evergreen Wood Fern Onoclea sensibilis                                Sensitive Fern Osmunda cinnamomea                                 Cinnamon Fern
Athyrium filix-femina Southern Lady FernDryopteris marginalis Evergreen Wood FernOnoclea sensibilis Sensitive FernOsmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern
 
Osmunda regalis                                       Royal Fern Pteridium aquilinum, Bracken fern Thelypteris noveboracensis   New York Fern Andropogon gerardii   Big Bluestem Ships Now!
Osmunda regalis Royal FernPteridium aquilinum, Bracken fernThelypteris noveboracensis New York FernAndropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Ships Now!
 
Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint Ships Now! Carex stricta (Tussock sedge) Arisaema triphyllum   Jack in the  Pulpit Asclepias  incarnata, Swamp milkweed  Ships Spring 22019
Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint Ships Now!Carex stricta, Tussock sedge, Ships mid-late AugustArisaema triphyllum Jack in the PulpitAsclepias incarnata, Swamp milkweed Ships Spring 22019
 
Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common boneset Ships Now Lobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Ships Now! Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobelia, Ships Now! Mertensia virginica, Virginia bluebells
Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common boneset Ships NowLobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Ships Now!Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobelia, Ships Now!Mertensia virginica, Virginia bluebells
 
Mimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower Ships Now! Rudbeckia lanciniata, Cutleaf coneflower Ships Now! Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrage Kosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh Mallow, Ships Now!
Mimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower Ships Now!Rudbeckia lanciniata, Cutleaf coneflower Ships Now!Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrageKosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh Mallow, Ships Now!
 
Thalictrum thalictrocoides, Rue Anemone Verbena hastata, Blue vervain, Special $37.50 per tray Vernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweed Iris versicolor, Blue flag, harlequin blueflag Ships Fall
Thalictrum thalictrocoides, Rue AnemoneVerbena hastata, Blue vervain, Special $37.50 per trayVernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweedIris versicolor, Blue flag, harlequin blueflag Ships Fall
 
Juncus effusus   Soft Rush, Common Rush Ships Fall Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Ships Now Spartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Ships Now! Alnus serrulata    Hazel Alder, Smooth alder   12-18"
Juncus effusus Soft Rush, Common Rush Ships FallScirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Ships NowSpartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Ships Now!Alnus serrulata Hazel Alder, Smooth alder 12-18"
 
Cephalanthus occidentalis           Buttonbush   18" Live Stake Cephalanthus occidentalis           Buttonbush   18-24" Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood   12-18" Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood    12" Live stake
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 18" Live StakeCephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 18-24"Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 12-18"Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 12" Live stake
 
Lindera benzoin, Northern Spicebush   12-18" Aronia melancarpa,  Black Chokeberry  12-18" Aronia arbutifolia   Red Chokeberry  12-18" Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis, Common elderberry   12-18"
Lindera benzoin, Northern Spicebush 12-18"Aronia melancarpa, Black Chokeberry 12-18" Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry 12-18"Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis, Common elderberry 12-18"
 
Viburnum dentatum,   Southern Arrowwood   12-18" Acer negundo, Box Elder Maple 18-24" Acer rubrum, Red Maple   12-18" Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple   18-24"
Viburnum dentatum, Southern Arrowwood 12-18"Acer negundo, Box Elder Maple 18-24"Acer rubrum, Red Maple 12-18"Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple 18-24"
 
Betula nigra, River Birch    18-24" Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam   18-24" Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry   18-24" Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum  18-24"
Betula nigra, River Birch 18-24"Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam 18-24"Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry 18-24"Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum 18-24"
 
Magnolia virginiana 12-18" SweetBay Magnolia Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum   18-24" Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore   18-24" Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 18-24"
Magnolia virginiana 12-18" SweetBay Magnolia Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum 18-24"Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 18-24" Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 18-24"
 
Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak   18-24" Quercus michauxii, Swamp Chestnut Oak   18-24" Quercus nigra, Water Oak  18-24" Quercus palustris, Pin Oak  18-24"
Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak 18-24"Quercus michauxii, Swamp Chestnut Oak 18-24"Quercus nigra, Water Oak 18-24"Quercus palustris, Pin Oak 18-24"
 
Quercus phellos,  Willow Oak  18-24" Salix sericea  Silky Willow   18-24" Salix nigra, Black Willow    18-24" Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress  18-24"
Quercus phellos, Willow Oak 18-24"Salix sericea Silky Willow 18-24"Salix nigra, Black Willow 18-24"Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress 18-24"
 
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