Plants for Freshwater Wetlands & Wet Sites

The following plants may be used to create or enhance freshwater marshes or swamps or to stabilize and enhance streambanks, riverbanks or pond edges.

Remember to match the plants’ growth requirements with the site conditions. Wetness tolerated by these plants is provided in this guide in terms of frequency and duration of soil saturation or inundation (flooding), and depth of standing water.

 
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50 Betula nigra, River Birch 6-12" 10 Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum   12-18 10 Viburnum dentatum,   Southern Arrowwood   6-12" 5 Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress   2-3ft
50 Betula nigra, River Birch 6-12"10 Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum 12-1810 Viburnum dentatum, Southern Arrowwood 6-12"5 Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress 2-3ft
 
50 Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood  6-12" Athyrium filix-femina             Southern Lady Fern Betula nigra, River Birch    18-24" Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 12-18"
50 Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 6-12"Athyrium filix-femina Southern Lady FernBetula nigra, River Birch 18-24"Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 12-18"
 
Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 18-24" Eupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf Boneset Eupatorium maculatum, Spotted Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum, Sweet Joe Pye Weed
Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 18-24"Eupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf BonesetEupatorium maculatum, Spotted Joe Pye WeedEupatorium purpureum, Sweet Joe Pye Weed
 
Eurybia macrophylla, Big Leaved Aster Heliopsis helianthoides, Smooth OxeEye Sunflower Hibiscus moscheutos, Swamp Hibiscus, Rose Mallow Iris Versicolor, Blue Flag
Eurybia macrophylla, Big Leaved Aster Heliopsis helianthoides, Smooth OxeEye SunflowerHibiscus moscheutos, Swamp Hibiscus, Rose MallowIris Versicolor, Blue Flag
 
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas Fern Pontaderia cordata, Pickerelweed Symphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic aster
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas FernPontaderia cordata, PickerelweedSymphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic aster
 
Woodwardia areolata, Netted Chain Fern Dryopteris marginalis                        Evergreen Wood Fern Onoclea sensibilis                                Sensitive Fern Osmunda cinnamomea                                 Cinnamon Fern
Woodwardia areolata, Netted Chain FernDryopteris marginalis Evergreen Wood FernOnoclea sensibilis Sensitive FernOsmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern
 
Osmunda regalis                                       Royal Fern Pteridium aquilinum, Bracken fern Thelypteris noveboracensis   New York Fern Andropogon gerardii   Big Bluestem
Osmunda regalis Royal FernPteridium aquilinum, Bracken fernThelypteris noveboracensis New York FernAndropogon gerardii Big Bluestem
 
Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint Carex stricta (Tussock sedge) Carex vulpinoidea  Fox sedge Carex crinata Fringed sedge
Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint Carex stricta, Tussock sedge, Carex vulpinoidea Fox sedge Carex crinata Fringed sedge
 
Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge Chasmanthium latifolium, Northern sea oats, Indian wood oats Leersia oryzoides, Rice Cut Grass Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass
Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge Elymus riparious, Riverbank WildryeLeersia oryzoides, Rice Cut GrassPanicum virgatum, Switchgrass
 
Asclepias  incarnata, Swamp milkweed Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common boneset Helianthus angustifolia, Swamp Sunflower Lobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower
Asclepias incarnata, Swamp milkweed Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common bonesetHelianthus angustifolia, Swamp SunflowerLobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower
 
Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobelia Mimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower Rudbeckia laciniata, Cutleaf coneflower Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster
Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobeliaMimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower Rudbeckia laciniata, Cutleaf coneflower Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster
 
Kosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh Mallow Vernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweed Juncus effusus   Soft Rush, Common Rush Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arum
Kosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh MallowVernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweedJuncus effusus Soft Rush, Common Rush Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arum
 
Sagittaria latifolia, Arrowhead, duck potato Saururus cernuus, Lizard's tail Schoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrush Scirpus atrivirens, black or green bulrush
Sagittaria latifolia, Arrowhead, duck potatoSaururus cernuus, Lizard's tailSchoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrushScirpus atrivirens, black or green bulrush
 
Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Sparganium americanum, American Bur-reed Spartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Cephalanthus occidentalis           Buttonbush   18" Live Stake
Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Sparganium americanum, American Bur-reedSpartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 18" Live Stake
 
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood    12" Live stake Sambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry   12" Live stake Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam   18-24" Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum   18-24"
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 12" Live stakeSambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry 12" Live stakeCarpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam 18-24"Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum 18-24"
 
Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak   18-24" Salix sericea  Silky Willow   18-24" Salix sericea  Silky Willow  12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black Willow    18-24"
Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak 18-24"Salix sericea Silky Willow 18-24"Salix sericea Silky Willow 12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black Willow 18-24"
 
Salix nigra, Black willow    12" Live stake
Salix nigra, Black willow 12" Live stake
 
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